The "Romance sans paroles dédiée à Mlle. Lise Christiani" – thus described in the surviving autograph – was only published as, Op. 109 from the composer's estate in 1868. The French cellist Lise Christiani gave several concerts in Leipzig in October 1845, where she met with Mendelssohn and presumably commissioned him to write this charming work. It is the only "Song without words" that Mendelssohn wrote for two instruments, not piano solo.