Originally written for violin and orchestra between 1873 and 1877, Dvořák's Romance draws on a theme from his String Quartet in F Minor's slow movement. He probably wrote the Romance for his friend, the violinist Frantiek Ondrícek, who later premiered Dvořák's Violin Concerto in 1883.
Bärenreiter's edition is based on the recently rediscovered autograph of Dvořák's own version for violin and piano. Compared to other well-known piano reductions, it differs from the orchestral version in several important respects and is also one bar shorter. Nevertheless it can also serve as a piano reduction to the orchestral version.