Bärenreiter

BA10001-90

Bach: Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern, BWV 1

Format Descriptions
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  • Composer: Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Instrumentation (this edition): Piano Reduction, SATB Choir
  • Originally for: SATB Choir, Orchestra
  • Work Languages: English, German
  • ISMN: 979-000653614-6
  • Size: 7.5 x 10.6 inches
  • Pages: 37
  • Urtext / Critical Edition

Description

The cantata "Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern" BWV 1 was written for 25 March 1725, when the Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary coincided with Palm Sunday. It forms the conclusion of Bach's cantata cycle of 1724/25.

The anonymous librettist retained the outer verses 1 and 7 of Philipp Nicolai's text (1599) which is assigned to the feast of Epiphany according to old tradition but was also sung at the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary. Verses 2 to 6 form the basis for the tenor and bass recitatives and the soprano and tenor arias.

Bach's composition has a particularly festive brilliance with his use of 2 horns, 2 oboes da caccia and the two concertante solo violins. The violins' lively figurations clearly reflect an image of the shining morning star.